Impacts of daily tourists visitors on the population of avifauna
The birds (avian) in India are endemic to different hotspots play a vital role in balancing the ecosystem and its functions. They have a significant role in providing the pollination of various plant species. Ecotourism plays a very important economic activity in any protected area and institution. Habitats disturbance has been shown to negatively impact avifauna nesting and foraging and also disturb the fledging times. The study was conducted to illustrate the fluctuation in the numbers of individuals of avifauna by daily visitor’s entries in Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, In-dia. We observed daily tourists and some surrounding common species of avifauna in Forest Research Institute, Dehradun Campus. The objectives of this study are to find out the visitors’ impacts on populations of birds species and habitat conservation and disruption. During the study, we found that the species which habitats are in near-human settled areas are the least influenced by visitors, and those species which habitats are generally natural forest types are effectively most. The finding shows that increasing numbers of visitors per day also impact the individual number of species. The study concludes an early warning alarm for the habitat perturbation as the number of visitors increases, the species populations are showing disturbed and the number of individuals appears less.